The role of J. Young's maladaptive schemas in relation to social support and self-efficacy
More details
Hide details
Instytut Psychologii, Polska Akademia Nauk, Polska
Submission date: 2023-02-08
Final revision date: 2023-04-07
Acceptance date: 2023-04-12
Publication date: 2023-06-16
Corresponding author
Patrycja Anna Konopka   

Instytut Psychologii, Polska Akademia Nauk, Stefana Jaracza 1, 00-378, Warszawa, Polska
Rozprawy Społeczne/Social Dissertations 2023;17(1):76-97
Abstract: The aim of the article is to show the relationship between Young's schemas with social support and self-efficacy and to demonstrate Young's schemas as a determinant of a violent relationship and related problems. Material and methods: The study was conducted on a group of 86 taking into account subgroups diagnosed and the ones which weren't diagnosed in terms of psychological disorders. The study used the version of Young's Schema Questionnaire , the Multidimensional Social Support Scale, the Self-Efficacy Scale. Results: It is concluded that enmeshment in violent relationships and related psychological problems is determined by Young's schemas, the family's support plays a minor protective role, which disappears in conjunction with the influence of the schema. The key role is played by the pattern of subordination, followed by the pattern of emotional inhibition. Conclusions: The study found that entanglement in a violent relationship clearly co-occurs with mental disorders, particularly depression and anxiety.
Ak M., Lapsekili, N., Haciomeroglu, B. i in. (2012). Early maladaptive schemas in bipolar disorder. Psychology and Psychotherapy, 85, 3, s. 260-267.
Alonso, P., Menchón, J.M., Mataix-Cols, D. i in. (2004). Perceived parental rearing style in obsessive-compulsive disorder: relation to symptom dimensions. Psychiatry Research, 127, 3, s. 267-278.
Buszman, K., Przybyła-Basista, H. (2017). Polska Adaptacja Wielowymiarowej Skali Spostrzeganego Wsparcia Społecznego. Polskie Forum Psychologiczne, 22, 4, s. 581-599.
Catanzaro, de D. (1995). Reproductive status, family interactions, and suicidal ideation: Surveys of the general public and high-risk groups. Ethology and Sociobiology, 16, 5: ss. 385-394.
Corral, C., Calvete, E. (2014). Early maladaptive schemas and personality disorder traits in perpetrators of intimate partner violence. The Spanish journal of psychology,17.
Estévez, A., Ozerinjaureg,i N., Herrero-Fernández, D. (2016). Maladaptive schemas as mediators in the relationship between child sexual abuse and displaced aggression. Journal of child sexual abuse, 25, 4, s. 449-465.
Falahatdoost, M., Dolatshahi, B., Mohammadkhani, P., Nouri, M. (2013). Identifying the role of early. maladaptive schemas in variety of domestic violence against women with the experience of violence. Practice in Clinical Psychology, 1, 4, s. 219-225.
Flink, N., Honkalampi, K., Lehto, S.M. i in. (2018). Comparison of early maladaptive schemas between borderline personality disorder and chronic depression. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Pubmed: 29542265.
Halvorsen, M., Wang, C.E., Eisemann, M. (2010). Dysfunctional attitudes and early maladaptive schemas as predictors of depression: A 9-year follow-up study. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34, 4: s. 368-379.
Halvorsen, M., Wang, C.E., Richter, J. i in. (2009). Early maladaptive schemas, temperament and character traits in clinically depressed and previously depressed subjects. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 16, 5, s. 394-407.
Hyun, M., Friedman, S.D., Dunner, D.L. (2000). Relationship of childhood physical and sexual abuse to adult bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorders, 2, 2, s. 131-135.
Joiner, T.E., Hom, M.A., Hagan, C.R. i in. (2016). Suicide as a derangement of the self-sacrificial aspect of eusociality. Psychological Review, 123, 3: s. 235-254.
Khosravani, V., Alvani, A., Seidisarouei, M. (2016). The relation of early maladaptive schemas and behavioral inhibition/approach systems to defense styles in abusers of synthetic drug: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Substance Use, 21, 6, s. 652-661.
Kim, J.E., Lee, S.W., Lee, S.J. (2014). Relationship between early maladaptive schemas and symptom dimensions in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Research, 215, 1, s. 134-140.
Mącik, D. (2016). Wczesne nieadaptacyjne schematy Younga i ich związki z rysami zaburzeń osobowości w populacji nieklinicznej – badania wstępne, Psychiatria i Psychoterapia, 12, 1, s. 3-24.
Mącik, D. (2018). W pułapce schematów? Wczesne nieadaptacyjne schematy Jeffreya Younga a funkcjonowanie psychospołeczne osób dorosłych. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar Sp. z o.o.
Mącik, D., Shchehelska, K. (2015). Związki wczesnych nieadaptacyjnych schematów Younga z samopoczuciem i sensem życia w zaburzeniu lękowym i depresyjnym. Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii, 24, 4, s. 208-216.
Pinto-Gouveia, J., Castilho, P., Galhardo, A. i in. (2006). Early maladaptive schemas and social phobia. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 6, 30(5), s. 571-584.
Pulay, A.J., Stinson, F.S., Dawson, D.A. i in. (2008). Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV borderline personality disorder: results from the Wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69, 4, s. 533-545.
Rahme, C., Haddad, Ch., Akel, M., Khoury, Ch., Obeid, H., Hallit, S., Obeid, S. (2020). Correlation between early maladaptive schemas and violence against women among a representative sample from a Lebanese population: Results of a cross-sectional study,
Renner, F., Lobbestael, J., Peeters, F. i in. (2012). Early maladaptive schemas in depressed patients: stability and relation with depressive symptoms over the course of treatment. Journal of Affective Disorders, 136, 3, s. 581-590.
Staniaszek, K., Popiel, A. (2017). Opracowanie i walidacja eksperymentalnej polskiej wersji skróconej Kwestionariusza Schematów Younga (YSQ-ES-PL) do badania wczesnych schematów dezadaptacyjnych. Roczniki Psychologiczne, XX, 2, s. 373-399.
Talarowska, M., Gałecki, P. (2017). Teoria wczesnych nieadaptacyjnych schematów Younga z perspektywy teorii neurorozwojowej depresji. Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia, 12, 3, s. 101-107.
Young, J.E., Klosko, J.S., Weishaar, M.E. (2013). Terapia schematów. Przewodnik Praktyka. GWP, Kraków: s. 26-51.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top