Body modification of the medical staff in patients opinions
More details
Hide details
Zakład Fizjoterapii, Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, Polska
Centrum Profilaktyczno-Lecznicze, Wojewódzki Ośrodek Medycyny Pracy w Lublinie, Polska
Katedra Zastosowań Matematyki i Informatyki,, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, Portugal
Zakład Fizjoterapii, Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła w Białej Podlaskiej, Polska
Submission date: 2019-12-22
Final revision date: 2020-03-25
Acceptance date: 2020-06-25
Publication date: 2020-10-16
Corresponding author
Dominika Wysokińska   

Zakład Fizjoterapii, Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła w Białej Podlaskiej, Sidorska 95/97, 21-500, Biała Podlaska, Polska
Rozprawy Społeczne/Social Dissertations 2020;14(2):138-150
Abstract: In the presented research, the emphasis was put on one of the elements of employees appearance: visible ways of decorating the body. Material and methods: Surveys were conducted in September-December 2016 in health care institutions of Lublin and Biala Podlaska (Poland). 102 patients undergoing rehabilitation answered authorized survey questionnaires. Results: The degree of acceptance of body modification of the medical staff, measured according to the Likert scale of 5 was significantly dependent on age, if the respodents had body decorations themselves, and the type of decor, gender, and the assessed medical specialization. The median degree of acceptance of the body alteration of the medical personnel was 0 points. Conclusions: One third of the respondents did not accept the body alterations of the medical staff, which may have contributed to the negative image of the medical profession in general. The presented results suggest the need for further research.
American Nurses Association. (2001). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. Nursesbooks. org.
Armstrong, M. L., & Kelly, L. (2001). Tattooing, body piercing, and branding are on the rise: perspectives for school nurses. The Journal of School Nursing,17(1), 12-23.
Armstrong, M. L., Koch, J. R., Saunders, J. C., Roberts, A. E., & Owen, D. C. (2007). The hole picture: risks, decision making, purpose, regulations, and the future of body piercing. Clinics in dermatology, 25(4), 398-406.
Atkinson, M. (2004). Tattooing and Civilizing Processes: Body Modification as Self Control. Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie, 41(2), 125-146.
Bader, M. S., Hamodat, M., & Hutchinson, J. (2007). A fatal case of Staphylococcus aureus: Associated toxic shock syndrome following nipple piercing. Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases, 39(8), 741-743.
Beauchamp, T. L., & Childress, J. F. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics. Oxford University Press, USA.
Braithwaite, R., Robillard, A., Woodring, T., Stephens, T., & Arriola, K. J. (2001). Tattooing and body piercing among adolescent detainees: relationship to alcohol and other drug use. Journal of substance abuse, 13(1), 5-16.
Carroll, S. T., Riffenburgh, R. H., Roberts, T. A., & Myhre, E. B. (2002). Tattoos and body piercings as indicators of adolescent risk-taking behaviors. Pediatrics, 109(6), 1021-1027.
Cash, T. F. (1990). The psychology of physical appearance: Aesthetics, attributes, and images.
Cegolon, L., Miatto, E., Bortolotto, M., Benetton, M., Mazzoleni, F., & Mastrangelo, G. (2010). Body piercing and tattoo: awareness of health related risks among 4,277 Italian secondary school adolescents. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 1.
Degelman, D., & Price, N. D. (2002). Tattoos and ratings of personal characteristics. Psychological Reports, 90(2), 507-514.
Deschesnes, M., Demers, S., & Finès, P. (2006). Prevalence and characteristics of body piercing and tattooing among high school students.Canadian Journal of Public Health/Revue Canadienne de Sante'e Publique, 325-329.
Dołhasz, M. (2011). Rola wizerunku placówki usług medycznych w ocenie pacjenta. Zeszyty Naukowe/Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu, (171), 39-49.
Favazza, A. R. (1996). Bodies under siege: Self-mutilation and body modification in culture and psychiatry. JHU Press.
Featherstone, M. (Ed.). (2000). Body modification (Vol. 5, No. 2-3). Sage.
Gelso, C. J., & Hayes, J. A. (2004). Relacja terapeutyczna. G. W. Psychologiczne (Ed.). Gdańskie Wydaw. Psychologiczne.
Huxley, C., & Grogan, S. (2005). Tattooing, piercing, healthy behaviours and health value. Journal of Health Psychology, 10(6), 831-841.
Janas, A., Stępień, N., & Grzesiak-Janas, G. (2008). Powikłanie kolczykowania twarzy. In Dental Forum Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 93-95.
Kluger, N. (2014). Tattooed people, who are you? Demographic and behavioral characteristics of tattooed individuals. In Annales de dermatologie et de venereology Vol. 142, No. 6-7, pp. 410-420.
Koenig L.M, Carners M. (1999) Body piercing: Medical concerns and cutting-edge fashion. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 14(6), 379-385.
Krupa, W. (2006). Pracownicy jako kluczowy element wizerunku placówki medycznej [w:] Karasiewicz G. Ochrona zdrowia-wizerunek, marketing, rynek, IPiS, Warszawa.
Laumann, A. E., & Derick, A. J. (2006). Tattoos and body piercings in the United States: a national data set. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 55(3), 413-421.
Makkai, T., & McAllister, I. (2001). Prevalence of tattooing and body piercing in the Australian community. Communicable diseases intelligence quarterly report, 25(2), 67.
Mayers, L. B., Judelson, D. A., Moriarty, B. W., & Rundell, K. W. (2002, January). Prevalence of body art (body piercing and tattooing) in university undergraduates and incidence of medical complications. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 77, No. 1, pp. 29-34). Elsevier.
Millner, V. S., & Eichold, B. H. (2001). Body piercing and tattooing perspectives. Clinical Nursing Research, 10(4), 424-441.
Nęcki, Z., Kęsy, M. (Eds.). (2013). Postawy personelu medycznego wobec zarządzania szpitalem. Wydawnictwo UJ.
Norcross, J. C. (2002). Psychotherapy relationships that work: Therapist contributions and responsiveness to patients. Oxford University Press.
Nowak, R. (2012). Psychologiczne aspekty tatuowania się. Roczniki Psychologiczne, 15(2), 87-104.
Ostaszewski, K., Kocoń, K. (2007). Tatuaż i kolczykowanie ciała a używanie substancji psychoaktywnych i inne zachowania ryzykowne wśród gimnazjalistów. Alkoholizm i Narkomania, 20(3), 247-266.
R Core Team (2017). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL
Roberts, T. A., & Ryan, S. A. (2002). Tattooing and high-risk behavior in adolescents. Pediatrics, 110(6), 1058-1063.
Smith, R. A., Wang, J., & Sidal, T. (2002). Complications and implications of body piercing in the head and neck. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, 10(3), 199-205.
Stirn, A. (2003). Body piercing: medical consequences and psychological motivations. The Lancet, 361(9364), 1205-1215.
Sweetman, P. (1999). Anchoring the (postmodern) self? Body modification, fashion and identity. Body & Society, 5(2-3), 51-76.
Tate, J. C., & Shelton, B. L. (2008). Personality correlates of tattooing and body piercing in a college sample: The kids are alright. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(4), 281-285.
Tiggemann, M., & Hopkins, L. A. (2011). Tattoos and piercings: Bodily expressions of uniqueness? Body Image, 8(3), 245-250.
Wohlrab, S., Stahl, J., & Kappeler, P. M. (2007). Modifying the body: Motivations for getting tattooed and pierced. Body image, 4(1), 87-95.
Zagożdżon, P., Parszuto, J., Raj, A., Całus-Kania, D., Korczak, A., & Ejsmont, J. (2009). Częstość występowania I czynniki ryzyka zakażenia HCV wśród pracowników ochrony zdrowia w województwie pomorskim. Przegl Epidemiol,63, 39-43.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top